Kidney failure can also affect dogs. As a dog owner, you are responsible for your dog’s health and well-being. There are a lot of illnesses and diseases that a dog can experience, and one of those is kidney failure. Kidney damage is very difficult to treat so you have to be knowledgeable about dog kidney failure symptoms to prevent further damage of your dog’s kidney.
Symptoms of kidney disease in dogs appear when the kidneys are not performing its role well. The main function of the kidneys is to remove toxins from the blood. If the toxins are not removed from the blood, they build up inside the body, a condition called as azotemia, which can cause harm. Toxins such as urea, creatinine, various body waste compounds, and other compounds that contain nitrogen is very harmful to the body, and will cause the occurrence of symptoms of kidney disease in dogs. Sometimes I will feed them the same as my bearded dragon diet plan.
There are four stages of dog kidney failure and symptoms of kidney failure in dogs may vary in each stage.
Kidney Failure Stages
Kidney failure in dogs are diagnosed as stage 1 if toxins such as urea, creatinine, various body waste compounds, and other compounds that contains nitrogen have not reached its maximum level.
Stage 2 kidney failure is diagnosed if the toxins in the blood are not that alarming. There may be are no significant symptoms of kidney failure in dogs at this stage.
Kidney failure is identified as stage 3 if the dog has been manifesting more severe symptoms of kidney disease, as in stage 1.
Stage 4 kidney failure is determined when there is significant and advancing kidney damage. Stage 4 symptoms of kidney failure in dogs include lethargic behavior.
Kidney Failure Types
Acute Kidney Failure
Acute kidney failure can be due to trauma, injury, shock, congestive heart failure, exposure to poisons, damage that are caused by medicines, bacterial infections, specifically leptospirosis, fungal infections, blood clots in the kidney, or dehydration of your dog. This type of kidney disease happens suddenly but it is reversible as long as the underlying cause is treated or eradicated. Your pet dog can have full recovery after treating the disease or illness that led to acute kidney failure.
Chronic Kidney Failure
Chronic Kidney Failure is a progressive and irreversible disease of the kidneys wherein their functions as a filter and ability to eliminate waste products from the body are malfunctioning. The treatment of chronic kidney failure is primarily to slow down the progression of the disease and dog kidney failure symptoms.
Symptoms of chronic kidney failure in dogs depends whether the kidney disease is at its early stage or at its late stage. When chronic kidney failure in dogs is at its early stage, your dog may manifest the following symptoms:
Polyuria, which means that there is an increased frequency of urination and the color of your dog’s urine, may appear lighter. The light color of the urine indicates the malfunctioning of the dog’s kidneys.
Polydipsia, which means that your dog is frequently thirsty.
Your dog may also appear dehydrated. You can determine if your dog is dehydrated when you pinch its skin and it takes more than five seconds before it goes back to its original position.
When your dog is diagnosed with chronic kidney failure at the late stage, the following symptoms are manifested:
- Loss of weight
- Lack of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Muscle weakness
- Bad breath
- Sudden blindness
- Muscle wasting